Dr Babalola J.F.





Joseph Folorunso BABALOLA

 Academic and Professional Qualifications

B.Sc, M. Sc, Ph.D. ( Ibadan)

Senior Lecturer and Senate Curriculum Committee

Area of Specialisation

 Office: Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.     

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Research Projects/Activities

(a)   In progress

            Below    are    the  on-going    researches   designed    and   carried    out  by  me  in  collaboration  with  my  academic  colleagues.

 1.       Effects of Artificially Induced Fatigue on Learning and Performance    of Gross Motor Skills                  

This research started in March 2008. The purpose is to supply information on physical and physiological effects of overtraining and rest deprivation on performance. It is an experimental research designed to investigate how fatigue  affects the physical, physiological and performance variables of university undergraduates. The selected variable for study includes age, height, weight, V02 max, blood pressure, percent body fat, anthropometric measures, muscular endurance, cardiorespiratory endurance, power and flexibility. Five research assistants helped in data collection. Data analysis will involve the use of descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to describe the demographic data; and inferential statistics of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to test the stated hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level.  If significant differences were found, Scheffe post hoc analysis would be used to determine which of the mean scores were significantly different.

    2.    Efficacy  of  the  Use  of  Bicycle  Ergometer  and  Multi-gym  Equipment in  the  Reduction   of   Body   Fat  and  Improve  Muscular Endurance of  Sedentary  Individuals.

This research started in July 2007. The research is designed to provide the sedentary individuals easy and reliable method of achieving the important health related physical fitness components to increase their efficiency in work and play. This is a comparative study, designed to highlight the procedure for proper use of the two equipment (Bicycle Ergometer and Multi-gym.) and to show which of them will be more effective for body fat reduction and development of muscular endurance in the sedentary individuals. Data collection involving measurements anthropometric and physical performance variables are in progress. Six research assistants are involved in the study. The statistical tools of range, mean and standard deviation will be used to describe demographic data while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) will be used to analyze the data at 0.05 level of significance.

3.      Relationship  Between   Body   Fat   and   Selected   Motor   Performance  Variables Among University Athletes.

This research  started  in  January  2008.  The   study    was   designed      to     investigate   the   extent   to   which   body   fat   was     related     to     some    selected     motor     performance     variables.     Relative    body    fat    was  estimated   from   the    triceps   and  subscapular    skinfolds    while     the   motor    performance   was   measured   from   five    motor  tests  variablesof 50 yard dash to test for speed, sergent jump for leg power, sit and reach for  flexibility, dodge  run  for agility   and   brass   stick  tests  for  balance. Pearson’s   product-moment  correlation  coefficient   would   be   used   todetermine  the   relationship   between   relative   body  fat   and  the motorperformance variables studied.

 4.  Comparative Study of Selected Performance and Health Related   

  Variables of Volleyball and Basketball Players.

 This research started in May 2008. The study was conducted with the view   

to   compare   selected    performance   and   health   related   variables    of

volleyball and   basketball players among the University athletes. The two

teams of ball game players  were  specifically  compared using variables of

height,  weight,   muscular  endurance,  speed,  flexibility,  agility  and  leg  

power.   The   data collected would be subjected to descriptive statistics of

range,  mean  and  standard  deviation  to describe demographic data, an inferential     statistics    of    t-test    would     be     used     to     show     the   comparison  among the   variables of study. The alpha level will be set  at 0.05.

b)       Completed:

   Below    are    completed    researches   designed    and    carried    out by me       in   collaboration   with   my   academic   colleagues   and   some   of   my     postgraduate  students.                                             

 1.       Effects    of    Eight    Weeks    Aerobic    Exercise    Programme    on     Body Composition   of   Female   Obese-osteoarthritic   Patients.

Co-Researcher:            Sangobiyi, T.O.

The aim of the study was to determine the effects of eight weeks aerobic exercise programme on body composition of female obese-osteoarthritis patients. A total of twenty patients were randomly divided into two groups to make the experimental and the control groups using purposive sampling technique. Only the experimental group was subjected to the aerobic exercise programme. Descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and range was used to describe the demographic data and inferential statistics of ‘t’ test was used to determine significant differences between the groups. Significant difference was found in body weight between the treatment and the control group while there was no significant difference in body fat between the groups.  The study showed that a longer duration of exercise should be prescribed to have adequate effects on weight reduction programmes for the subjects.

  2.   10-Weeks Morning and Evening Exercise Training Programme and    

           Improved Capacities for Physical Performance.

            The   research   identified   the   values   of   a   well   designed   exercise training   programme   in   the   improvement   of   the   fitness   level   and performance capacities of collegiate athletes. The results showed  that regular physical exercise both in the morning and evening could result into significant improvements in physical performance   of the athletes if the sessions are properly monitored. The research has implications for the general public in that, if individuals cancultivate the attitude of a well coordinated early morning andevening physical exercises, they can achieve improved capacities fordaily activities.

3.     Effect of Cigarette Smoking on the Cardiorespiratory Endurance and   Max VO2 of Collegiate Athlete Smokers.

The research was conducted on collegiate athletes who were chain  cigarette smokers. The study showed that heavy smoking adversely affected endurance performance of these athletes.Although the previous sports records of the athletes showed them to  be good, abstinence from smoking habit would have made them to to have better athletic records. This study has implications and will   benefit trainers, coaches, exercise therapist and the athletes.                

 4.    Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Resting and Recovery Systolic and   

   Diastolic Blood Pressures of University Athletes.

This research showed that sleep deprivation will adversely affect the            physiological variables such as resting and recovery systolic and  diastolic blood pressures of University athletes. The result also   showed that depriving athletes of adequate sleep will have detrimental effects on their health status. The study has implications   for athletic trainers, coaches and exercise therapists to provide for  adequate sleep and rest in order to ensure improved health and   enhanced sports performance in their athletes.

  5.   Application of Physical Exercises in the Management of Mechanical   

            Low Back Pain.

The  study  aimed  at  applying  physical  exercise  to  the  management  of 

 pain  in  the  lower  back  region.  The  research  utilized  a  pre-test,  post-

 test  experimental  design.  It  was  discovered that low back pain resulted 

 from    weak    abdominal    muscles,    psoas    major    and    minor,    and  

 harmstring   muscles.   People   with   weak    muscles    are    advised    to   

 participate  in  exercise while  the general  public should take recreational  

physical exercise as valued habit.

 

  6.        Effects  of  Hip   Angles   of   1000   and  Above   on  Quadriceps  

       Strength During  Isometric  Contractions  in  the  Male  and  Female  

      Athletes.  

This study investigated the effect of three obtuse angles on the quadriceps strength during isometric quadriceps muscle contraction. Forty (40) female and thirty-five (35) male participants took part in the study. The hip angle was set at three different angles at 1000 and 1300    using an adjustable back support of a specially designed testing table.   The quadriceps strength was then measured using an angle adapted   cable tensiometer after subject had exacted a maximal pull on the  tensiometer.   Statistical analysis revealed that the quadriceps muscle     of the male subjects generated a greater isometric force, than the female subjects, at the various hip angles. It was however discovered  that the hip angle at which the maximal isometric force was produced  in both sexes was 1300.

 7.         Comparative   Effects   of   Two   Modes  of  Aerobic  Training   on  the   Pulmonary Indices of Police Trainees.

Co-Researcher:            Dr. Aniodo, D.A.

The study compared the effects of two modes of aerobic training on the pulmonary indices of vital capacity and respiratory rate of police trainees. The study adopted the randomized pretest-posttest control group experimental design. The trainees were ninety recruits who were within the age range of 18-24 years. These were randomly assigned to three groups. Using the progressive training principle, the   pre-training and post-training measurements of the vital capacity and respiratory rate were taken. The data collected were subjected to descriptive statistics of range, mean and standard deviation to describe the demographic data and inferential statistics of analysis of covariance to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The result showed that jog-walk and circuit training which had significant effects on the pulmonary indices investigated should form the major part of the training programme of police trainees.


    8.      Reliability  of  Kraus-Weber  Exercise  Test   as   an   Evaluation   Tool    in   Low   Back   Pain   Susceptibility   Among   Apparently   Healthy

  University Students.Co-Researchers:    Awolola, O.E.  and     Hamzat, T.K. Reliability of Kraus-Weber exercise test in predicting susceptibility to low  back pain among apparently healthy university students was the focus of this study.  The study was intended to be an evaluative tool for the  diagnosis and management of people suffering from low back pain as well as predicting the possibility that people may develop the condition in later life.  All the test items were found to be reliable.  In addition, the study identified the diagnostic and management procedures for low back pain among young people. 

(c)      Dissertation and Thesis

      1.       Babalola,    J. F.   (1982)     The     Effects     of a  10-Week    Training Programme on  the  Physical  Performance    of    College   Physical   and   Health   Education   Majors.  Unpublished   M. Ed  Project, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,  112 pages.

Babalola, J.F, (1987)  The  Effects  of  Sleep  Deprivation  on the Physical and Physiological   Performance Variables of College men. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, 177 pages.

 

Publications

(a)               Books already published

1.    Babalola,  J. F.  (2007)   Introduction   to   Human   Anatomy   and  Physiology:   Ibadan  University  Press;  ISBN  978  978  069  337  4              

  2.        Babalola, J. F. (2010): Handbook of Practical Physical Education.        Ibadan, O.B.F. Intercontinental Press Ltd. ISBN 978-978-49787-0-5.    579 pages

 (b)               Chapters in Books already published

3.       Babalola, J.F. (1999): Exercise, Relaxation and Sleep.  In O.A.   

  Moronkola (Ed). Essentials of Human kjnetics and Health Education.  

  Ibadan: Codat Publications, pages 1 – 12. 

4.          Babalola, J.F. and Fadoju, A.O. (2001): Effective Teaching of Physical    and Health Education in Primary and Secondary Schools.       In C.O. Udoh, (Ed) Issues in Human Kinetics, Health Promotion   and Education.  Ibadan.  Department  of   Human   Kinetics   and   Health   Education,    University    of    Ibadan,    pages   152 – 159.  

    5.       Babalola, J.F. and Fadoju, A.O. (2001): The Psycho-physiological     Relevance of Dance in the Training of Physical Educators. In Yomi   Awosika, J.B. Babalola, M. Fabunmi, J.O. Osiki and B.O. Emunemu   (Eds.) Topical Issues in Education: Ibadan: Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, pages 263 – 273.

    6        Ajala, J.A.; Babalola, J. F. and Fadoju, A. O. (2002). What Students Should Learn in the Arts. (Chapter 13). In J.A. Ajala (Ed). Designing Content of the Curriculum: A Guide to Practice. Ibadan, MayBest Publications, pp, 201-215.

7.        Babalola, J.F. and Fadoju, A.O. (2002). Enhancing Intra-School and School-Community Cooperation for Effective Teaching of Physical Education and Sports in Nigerian Secondary Schools. In V.C. Igbanugo (Ed). The Official Magazine of the International Council for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance: African Region, Ibadan, Stirling-Horden Publishers, pp.74-77.

  8.     Babalola, J.F. (2002): Boosting School Athletes’ Performance Through   Nutrition: Tips for Physical Educators. In D.F. Elaturoti and Kola Babarinde (Eds.) Teacher’s Mandate on Education and Social    Development in Nigeria. Ibadan: Faculty of Education,     University  of  Ibadan pages,  42 – 52. 

9.         Babalola, J.F. and Aniodo, D.A. (2002):  Injuries at Nigeria Colleges      of  Education  Games  (NATCEGA)  2002.  Preparation  of  the  Athlete In  V.C.  Igbanugo  (Ed)  Ibadan:   Nigeria Association of Sports Science and    Medicine, pages 48 – 50.    

10.    Babalola, J.F. and Sangobiyi, T.O. (2003):  Effects of Eight Weeks Aerobic Exercise Programme on Body Composition of Female Obese osteoarthritic Patients.  In O. Ayodele-Bamisaiye, I.A. Nwazuoke and Okediran (Eds.) Education This Millennium – Innovation in  Theory     and     Practice.     Lagos:     Macmillan     Nigeria     Limited,  pages 105 – 112.

  11.   Babalola, J. F. (2004):  Psycho-Physiological Effects of Anabolic-  Androgenic Steroids on Exercise Performance.  Multi-Disciplinar  Approach   to   Human   Kinetics   and   Health   Education.    In    V.C. Igbanugo (Ed) Ibadan: Department of  Human   Kinetics   and   Health  Education,  University  of  Ibadan,  pages 270 – 277. 

 12.            Babalola, J. F. (2010):  Back Pain: Causes, Treatment and Prevention. Optimal Health Performance: The Basis of Human Movement Education in the 21st Century.  In  Ogundele, Babalola and Moronkola (Eds) Ibadan: Department of  Human   Kinetics   and   Health  Education,  University  of  Ibadan,  pages 42 – 51. 

 (c)            Articles   that   have   already    appeared   in   Refereed   Conference    Proceedings.

 13.           Babalola J.F. (1988). Development of cardiovascular fitness as a basis for    improved sports performances Book of Proceeding on 6th NATCEGA Games  1 (1), pp, 78-86.

 14.       Babalola, J.F. and Fadoju, A.O. (2002): Enhancing Intra-school and    School - Community Cooperation for Effective Teaching of Physical    Education and Sports in Nigerian Secondary Schools. In V.C  Igbanugo (Ed) The Official Magazine of the International Council for   Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance: African   Regional Conference Proceedings, pages 74 – 77.

15.       Babalola, J.F. and Aniodo, D.A. (2002):  Injuries at Nigeria Colleges     of Education Games (NATCEGA) 2002. Proceedings of  Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine, pages 48 – 50.               

16.              Babalola, J.F. (2003): Perceived Effects of Anabolic Steroid as a Performance Enhancing Drug by Track and Field Athletes.  2002 NUGA FORUM Scientific Congress Proceedings,  pages  105   –   108.            

  (d)            Patents – Nil                               

  (e)            Articles that have already appeared in learned journals.

  17.     Babalola, J.F. (1989). A review of the Physical and Physiological Performance Variables of Athletes. Lagos Journal of Physical Health Education and Recreation 2 (1) pp, 16-23.

18.       Babalola, J.F. (1989). Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Resting and Recovery Heart Rates of Athletes. College Review 4 (1) pp, 71-78.

19.       Babalola, J.F. (1990). Exercise and Diet for Weight Control. Ondo State Journal of Physical, Health Education and Recreation. 1 (1) pp, 110-123.

20.             Babalola, J.F. and Musa O.M (1993). Hooliganism in Youth Sports. Journal of Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine (JONASSM)  III pp, 86-90.

    21.        Babalola, J.F. (1994): 10-Week Morning and Evening Exercise Training  Programme and Improved Capacities for Physical Performance. Journal of  Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine Vol. 4.  37 – 43. Abstract

  22.    Agbonjinmi, A.P., Hassan-Biu, M.O. and Babalola, J.F. (1994).   Hematological Variables and Smoke Induced Cardiovascular  Responses I: Relationships Amongst PCV, Hb and RBC Count and Tachycardia Induced by Cigarette Smoke. Journal of   Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine Vol. 6. 122 – 129.

 23.    Agbonjinmi, A.P., Hassan-Biu, M.O. and Babalola, J.F. (1995). Hematological Variables and Smoke Induced Cardiovascular Responses II: Correlation Amongst PCV, Hb and RBC Count and  Cigarette Smoke-Induced Blood Pressure Responses. Journal of  Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine Vol. 7. 8 – 16.

  24.    Babalola, J.F. (1998): Physical and Physiological Comparison of Male  and Female in Speed and Agility Events. Journal of Special Education Vol. 8. No. 1, 99 – 105.

 25.     Babalola, J.F. (1998). Physical Exercise for Health and Fitness. Journal of    the Nigeria  Association for Physical, Health Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance, 1 (2) pp, 77-83.

  26.     Babalola, J.F. (1998). Physical and Physiological Comparison of Male and Female in Speed and Agility Events. Journal of Special Education. 8 (1) pp, 76-84.

  27.     Agbonjinmi, A.P., Cole, O.A and Babalola, J.F. (1999) Iron and Protein Energy Nutritional Status in Nulliparous University Female Students. Journal of Health Education and Welfare of  Special People Vol. 3. No. 1, 35 – 40.

28.       Babalola, J.F. (1999): Effect of Cigarette Smoking on the        Cardiorespiratory Endurance and Max. VO2 of Collegiate Athlete            Smokers. Journal of Educational Theory and Practice Vol. 5. Nos. 1 & 2,             97 – 104. Abstract

 29.      Babalola, J. F.  (1999):  Effects   of   Sleep   Deprivation  on   Resting  and  Recovery Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressures of University             Freshmen. Journal of Health Education and Welfare of Special People Vol.  4. No. 1, 63 – 73. Abstract

 30.     Babalola, J.F. (1999):  Negligence: A Potential Source  of  Liability  to the Practical   Physical   Education.    Nigeria    Educational    Law    Journal  Vol.  2. No. 1, 76 – 84.

31.    Babalola, J.F. and Abass, O.A. (1999).  Scientific Training Principles for Optimum Performance.  Journal of the Nigeria Association for Physical, Health Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance. 2 (1) pp, 126-133.

32.    Agbonjinmi, A.P., Babalola, J.F. and Oranugo, J.B.C. (2000).  Estimation of Skeletal and Heart Weights in University Soccer Players. SPED. Journal of Science in Education. 2. (1) pp, 116-120.

 33.   Babalola, J.F. (2000). Cigarette Smoking a Threat to Health and Safety in Sport. Journal of Functional Education. 2 (1) pp, 50-57.

 34.    Ogidi, M.M.and Babalola, J.F. (2000).  Physical Education, Practical Courses and Individual Safety. Journal of the Nigeria Association for Physical, Health Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance. 2. (2) pp, 105-111.

 35.   Babalola, J.F. (2000): Cardiorespiratory Capacity as a Component of   Physical Fitness. African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and             Sports Facilitation Vol. 1. No. 1, 25 – 28.

 36.        Babalola,  J. F.  (2001):    Application    of    Physical   Exercises    in     the  Management  of  Mechanical  Low  Back   Pain.   Journal    of    Advance  Studies  in  Educational  Management Vol. 1. No. 1, 173 – 178. Abstract

  37.        Babalola,   J. F.   and   Fadoju,   A. O.  (2002):   Level   of   Awareness   of    Graduating  Degree   and   Diploma  Students’   on   Acquired   Immune  deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Nigerian Journal of Emotional Psychology and Sports Ethics Vol. 4. 119 – 123.

    38.      Babalola,  J.F. and Oyeniyi,  P.O.   (2003):  Curbing   Sport     Hooliganism During Collegiate Sports in  Nigeria.  West African  Journal  of   Physical and Health Education Vol.  7.  58 – 63. 

    39.   Babalola, J. F. (2005):  Physical Exercise and Dieting for Weight   Control. International Journal of African and African America Studies Vol. 4.  No. 2, 27 – 32. Abstract

    40.      Babalola, J.F. and Oyeniyi, P.O.  (2005): The Use of Exercise in the 

   Management of Coronary Heart Diseases.  West African Journal of Physical and Health Education Vol. 9. No. 1, 1 – 9. Abstract

   41.   Babalola, J.F. and Aniodo, D.A. (2006):  Comparative effects of two modes of aerobic training on the pulmonary indices of police trainees.  Journal of Human Kinetics and Environmental Education (2006 Special Edition) 55 – 68. Abstract

  42.      Babalola, J.F. and Oyeniyi, P.O.  (2006): Physical Education and

Sports as Antidote to Sedentary Living by Persons with disabilities.Journal of International Council for Health, Physical Education,  Recreation,     Sports     and     Dance.    Africa    Region    Vol. 1.    No. 2,           

 43.    Babalola, J.F. and Ayenigbara, G.O. (2006):  Problems and Prospect

 of   HIV/AIDS   Management:     A   Focus    on   Antiretroviral  (AVR) therapy.     Educational    Thought  Vol.  5.  No. 1,  83 – 89.   

   44.     Babalola, J. F. (2007):  Effects of Hip Angles of 1000 and Above on   Quadriceps Strength During Isometric Contractions in the Male and                Female Athletes. International Journal of Applied Psychology and                  Human Performance Vol.  2. 351 – 356. Abstract

       45.          Akinwande, O. A., Babalola, J. F.  and Mbada, C. E. (2008): Influence of Age on Cardiovascular Response of Normotensive Subjects to Upper Extremities Isometric Exercises.  Journal of Physical Education and Research. Vol. XIII No 1. 1897 – 1904.

   46.     Babalola, J. F.; Awolola, O. E. and Hamzat, T.K. (2008): Reliability of Kraus-Weber Exercise Test as an Evaluation Tool in Low Back Pain Susceptibility Among Apparently Healthy University  Students.  African Journal for Physical, Health Education,  Recreation & Dance Vol. 14. No. 2, 188 – 198. Abstract

 47.         Babalola, J.F. (2009): Etiological Factors and Management of Obesity. Journal of Educational Foundations and Management. Vol. 7. No. 1,     1-14

 48.    Babalola, J.F. (2009):  Evaluation of Cardiorespiratory Fitness of

Elite    Soccer     Players  Using     Heart     Rate    and    Blood       Pressure  Measurements.    International Journal  of  Applied  Psychology  and    Human  Performance  Vol.   5. 849-858

49.       Babalola, J.F. (2009): Physical Exercises and Functional Capacity for the Aging.   Journal of Nigeria Association of Sports Science and Medicine. Vol. 11. No. 1, 23 - 28  

  50.           Babalola, J.F. (2010):  Relationship Between Body Composition and         Functional Capacity of Patients Living with Osteoarthritis of the Knee.  European Journal of Scientific Research Vol. 44. No.1, 6-12

  51.          Babalola, J.F. (2010): Relationship Between Body Composition and Blood Pressure of University Students. Ghana Journal of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, Sports and Dance. Vol. 3, 13-22.

 52.           Babalola, J.F. and Ademuyiwa, G.M. (2011): Physical and Socio-Cultural Factors as Causes of Maternal Mortality in South-West Nigeria. African Journal of Educational Management. Vol. 14, No. 1, 123-132.

   53.      Babalola, J.F. (2011): Health Consequences of Obesity and Overweight. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 8 No. 3 118 - 124

  54.          Babalola, J.F. (2011): Effect of Eight Weeks Aerobic Exercise Programme on Body Weight and Percent Body Fat of Female Obese-Osteoarthritic Patients. European Journal of Scientific Research. Vol. 51. No. 4,         484-489.

  55.          Babalola, J.F. and Taiwo, O.O. (2011): Effects of an Endurance Walking Training Programme on Functional Ambulation Recovery of Stroke Survivors. Research Journal of International Studies Issue 19.

   56.          Babalola, J.F. (2011): Effects of 8-weeks Circuit Training Programme on Physiological and Performance Characteristics of University Racket Game Players. Journal of Asian Scientific Research. Vol. 10, 1-8 (Pakistan)

   57.       Awotidebe, T.O., Babalola, J.F., Oladipo, I.O., Abass, A.O., Mbada, C.E. and Onigbinde, A. T. (2011): Comparative Efficacy of Open Kinetic-chain Exercise and Short-wave Diathermy in the Management of Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. Medica Sportiva. Vol. VII No 3,                     1635 - 1642.

  1.      Books, Chapters in Books and Articles already accepted for Publication

58.      Babalola, J.F. and Nabofa, O.E. (2011): Influence of Martial Arts on  Selected Performance Variables  Research Journal of International Studies Issue 22.

 Articles Already Submitted for Publication.

 59.    Babalola, J.F. (2011): Effects of 8-weeks Circuit Training Programme on Physiological and Performance Characteristics of University Racket Game Players.

  iii.       Technical Reports and Monographs

 60.  Babalola,   J.  F.   (2003):   Skills   Development   and   Techniques   in Swimming. Distance Learning Center, University of Ibadan. 

    61.    Babalola,   J.  F.   (2011):   Skills   Development   and   Techniques   in Badminton. Distance Learning Center, University of Ibadan. 

 62.   Babalola, J.F.   (2011):   Curriculum Development in Physical Education. Distance Learning Center, University of Ibadan.